Scene Completion Using Millions of Photographs
James HaysAlexi Efros
ACM Transactions on Graphics / SIGGRAPH (2007)

What can you do with a million images? In this paper we present a new image completion algorithm powered by a huge database of photographs gathered from the Web. The algorithm patches up holes in images by finding similar image regions in the database that are not only seamless but also semantically valid. Our chief insight is that while the space of images is effectively infinite, the space of semantically differentiable scenes is actually not that large. For many image completion tasks we are able to find similar scenes which contain image fragments that will convincingly complete the image. Our algorithm is entirely data-driven, requiring no annotations or labelling by the user. Unlike existing image completion methods, our algorithm can generate a diverse set of results for each input image and we allow users to select among them. We demonstrate the superiority of our algorithm over existing image completion approaches.

James Hays, Alexi Efros (2007). Scene Completion Using Millions of Photographs. ACM Transactions on Graphics / SIGGRAPH, 26(3).

@article{ Hays:2007:Completion,
author = "James Hays and Alexi Efros",
title = "Scene Completion Using Millions of Photographs",
year = "2007",
month = aug,
journal = "ACM Transactions on Graphics / SIGGRAPH",
volume = "26",
number = "3",